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What is Lacoste Fabric? How Does it Differ from “Pique”?

What is Lacoste Fabric- How Does it Differ from Pique

“Lacoste Fabric” is a distinctive and significant textile in the fashion industry. Not only does it possess a unique structure, but it is also widely utilized in the production of popular fashion items. It delivers both comfort and style, making it a favored choice for various products, ranging from the iconic polo shirts to dresses and A-line skirts. Lacoste Fabric has become an indispensable part of the fashion world, continually driving diversity and creativity in garment design and manufacturing.

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1. What is Lacoste Fabric? Origin and Weave Style

1.1. Exploring the Origin of Lacoste Fabric

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, tennis players often had to wear cumbersome and uncomfortable all-white outfits. However, change came from René Lacoste, a talented French tennis player who won seven Grand Slam titles.

He believed that traditional tennis attire was too rigid and unsuitable for competition. Thus, he set out to design a short-sleeved shirt with a buttoned collar and an elongated front hem compared to the back. In 1926, he wore this shirt when he clinched the title at the U.S. Open.

Starting from 1927, he added the iconic crocodile emblem to the left chest of the shirt, signifying the uniqueness of this product. Finally, in 1933, he collaborated with André Gillier to introduce the Lacoste polo shirt to the North American and European markets. From then on, Lacoste shirts gained fame and were widely used not only in tennis but also in various other sports such as soccer, golf, and many other contexts. This marked the birth of the Lacoste brand and the development of “Lacoste Fabric.”

Exploring the Origin of Lacoste Fabric

1.2. The Unique Structure of Lacoste

“Lacoste Fabric” stands out with its unique structure, and to understand this better, let’s delve into how it’s created. Lacoste is typically produced through the warp knitting technique, a special method in textile weaving. This type of weaving has the ability to create crisscrossing yarns, forming a dense fabric with high elasticity and comfort. This is particularly beneficial in crafting sportswear and everyday fashion products.

The structure of Lacoste often combines warp knitting with octagonal weaving techniques or other weaving methods. This results in a distinct fabric surface, described as a fine, smooth knit resembling a type of thin wool fabric with comfort and breathability.

Compared to many other fabrics, this special structure of Lacoste helps create a cooling effect, allowing air to circulate easily. This makes it especially suitable for tropical conditions and ensures the wearer feels comfortable in hot weather.

The uniqueness in the structure of Lacoste isn’t just about its breathability but also its flexibility. This type of fabric often exhibits multi-directional elasticity, providing comfort and freedom of movement. This is why “Lacoste Fabric” is a preferred choice for producing high-quality sportswear and fashion garments.

1.3. “Lacoste” and “Pique”: Connection and Distinction

Lacoste and Pique Connection and Distinction

The terms “Lacoste” and “Pique” are often used interchangeably, causing confusion for many. However, to gain a better understanding of their relationship, we need to delve into the specifics.

The term “Pique” originates from the French word “pique,” meaning “to prick or puncture.” It relates to the unique weaving method of the fabric, featuring a distinctive structure. “Pique” is typically described as a type of woven fabric with a dense surface and raised yarns, creating a texture akin to waffle or honeycomb. Importantly, the term “Pique” solely describes the weaving style of the fabric, with no limitations on the materials used. It can be made from various fibers, including cotton, polyester, and other synthetic blends.

On the other hand, “Lacoste” is commonly used to refer to a specific variation of “Pique” fabric. It is a distinct subtype of “Pique” fabric, often made from cotton or cotton blended with other synthetic fibers. The primary difference between “Lacoste Fabric” and “Pique” lies in the material. “Lacoste” is typically crafted from cotton, whereas the term “Pique” is material-agnostic and can encompass various fiber types.

So, while “Lacoste Fabric” and “Pique” share a connection in terms of weaving structure, the main difference between them lies in the materials used for fabric production.

2. The Diversity of Lacoste Fabric

The Diversity of Lacoste Fabric

Lacoste Fabric boasts a rich composition, incorporating various types of fibers such as cotton, polyester, viscose, and other synthetic blends. This diversity results in a wide range of fabric properties, making it suitable for numerous applications.

2.1. 100% Cotton Lacoste Fabric

100% Cotton Lacoste Fabric is considered the premium and most prevalent knit fabric today. Crafted from 100% natural cotton fibers, it offers a soft and excellent sweat-absorbing texture. This has established it as the top choice for many fashion brands in the production of polo shirts, t-shirts, and various other products. Moreover, 100% Cotton Lacoste is also utilized for crafting work uniforms and office attire, meeting demands for comfort and style.

2.2. Lacoste TC 35/65 (Crocodile TC Knit Fabric)

Lacoste TC 35/65, also known as TC crocodile knit fabric or cotton-poly blend fabric, consists of 35% natural cotton fibers and 65% polyester fibers. This is a wrinkle-resistant fabric with a lower cost and high colorfastness. These attributes make it a popular choice for everyday fashion items, providing a comfortable feel compared to full synthetic blends.

2.3. Lacoste PE (Polyester Fabric)

Lacoste PE fabric comprises 100% synthetic polyester fibers, featuring a smooth surface, limited water absorption, cost-effectiveness, and ease of printing. It’s often employed for crafting work uniforms, school uniforms, and various products with requirements for wrinkle resistance and color stability.

2.4. Viscose (Rayon)

Viscose, also known as rayon, is typically added to enhance the stretch and softness of Lacoste. Viscose excels in moisture absorption, imparting a refreshing sensation when in contact with the skin. It tends to make the fabric softer and more comfortable.

2.5. Other Varieties

Beyond the mentioned fabric types, Lacoste fabric is further categorized based on its stretching properties. Specifically, there are 4-way stretch Lacoste fabric and 2-way stretch Lacoste, each with unique characteristics regarding stretchability both vertically and horizontally.

3. Ways to Identify 100% Cotton Lacoste Fabric

Ways to Identify 100% Cotton Lacoste Fabric

In the diverse world of Lacoste knit fabrics available on the market, distinguishing genuine 100% cotton crocodile fabric can indeed pose a challenge. Here are some methods you can employ to identify the real deal:

Method 1: Use Your Sense of Touch

With 100% cotton Lacoste fabric, you’ll immediately sense its softness and comfort upon contact. If you want to examine further, gently crumple the fabric by hand. If it wrinkles along the folds, it could be 100% cotton (as 100% cotton fabric typically has limited wrinkle resistance). Conversely, if it wrinkles less or doesn’t wrinkle at all, it might be a cotton blend or PE fabric.

Method 2: Test Moisture Absorption

Try adding a little water to the fabric’s surface. If the water is quickly absorbed into the fabric, it’s likely 100% cotton Lacoste crocodile fabric. However, if the fabric doesn’t absorb water or absorbs it slowly, you might be looking at cotton-blend or PE fabric.

Method 3: Conduct a Burn Test

Attempt to burn a small piece of the fabric. If the fabric burns quickly, and the smell of burning paper disappears after the flame is extinguished, it could be 100% cotton Lacoste fabric. However, if the fabric burns slowly, the flame is weak, and the smell of burning paper persists, it may be a cotton blend or PE fabric.

These methods can assist you in distinguishing 100% cotton Lacoste fabric from other types on the market, facilitating your selection of the product that best suits your needs.

4. Environmental Friendliness and Applications of Lacoste Fabric

Lacoste encompasses several facets of environmental friendliness, alongside a wide array of fashion applications.

4.1. Versatile Fashion Applications

Lacoste boasts diverse applications in the world of fashion. While commonly found in polo shirts, uniform t-shirts, and sportswear, it’s also suitable for various other garments. Here’s an overview of Lacoste fabric’s versatile uses:

Polo Shirts

Polo Lacoste

+Lacoste fabric is a preferred choice for crafting polo shirts.

+Its breathability, moisture-wicking properties, and comfort make it an excellent fit for this type of attire.

Uniform T-Shirts

+Many organizations and schools opt for Lacoste to manufacture uniform t-shirts.

+Its durability, easy maintenance, and colorfastness make it suitable for this purpose.


+Lacoste is favored for sportswear.

+Its four-way stretch, moisture-wicking capabilities, and comfort make it ideal for athletic activities.

Fashionable Collared T-Shirts

+Lacoste fabric is often used to design stylish collared t-shirts with a simple and refined appearance.

+Its softness and smooth texture provide comfort and style to these garments.

Dresses and Gowns

+While commonly used for t-shirts, Lacoste can also be employed to create dresses and gowns.

+Its breathability, flexibility, and ease of movement make it suitable for crafting comfortable and fashionable items.

Everyday Attire

+Lacoste is frequently used for various casual wear, including sunglasses, shorts, and trousers.

+Its softness, comfort, and durability render it a popular choice for everyday clothing.

4.2. Environmental Friendliness

The environmental friendliness of Lacoste fabric hinges on numerous factors, including the production process and the source of raw materials. The sustainability of the fabric heavily relies on the sourcing of raw materials. Some Lacoste products employ organic cotton, a variety of cotton grown without harmful chemicals and featuring more environmentally friendly production processes.

However, the use of synthetic fibers like polyester can have adverse environmental impacts, as polyester production may consume significant energy and natural resources. Therefore, the environmental friendliness of Lacoste depends on how specific products are manufactured and whether the company adheres to sustainable standards.

In conclusion, Lacoste fabric not only offers diversity in composition and structure but also in fashion applications, with the potential to meet environmental friendliness requirements depending on the specific production practices of the products.

5. Advantages and Disadvantages of Lacoste Fabric

5.1. Advantages of Lacoste Fabric


Lacoste, especially when made from cotton, delivers a soft and comfortable feel against the skin. This makes it a pleasant choice for everyday wear.


The distinctive structure of Lacoste fabric, with its larger stitches, provides excellent breathability. It facilitates better airflow, ensuring a cool and comfortable experience, especially in warm weather.


Particularly when crafted from cotton, Lacoste fabric exhibits excellent moisture-wicking properties. It efficiently absorbs sweat, keeping the wearer dry and comfortable.


Lacoste fabric is highly versatile and can be used for various types of clothing, including polo shirts, t-shirts, dresses, and more. Its adaptability suits various styles and occasions.

4-Way Stretch

Some types of Lacoste fabric, especially those blended with elastane or spandex, offer superb 4-way stretch capabilities. This results in flexibility and freedom of movement, making it ideal for sportswear and active clothing.

5.2. Disadvantages of Lacoste Fabric


Lacoste fabric, especially when associated with the Lacoste brand, can be relatively expensive compared to other cotton fabrics. The use of the brand name and reputation of Lacoste can contribute to higher costs.

Challenges in Weaving

The larger stitches used in Lacoste fabric can pose challenges in the weaving process, making it more complex and potentially increasing production costs. This complexity may limit availability and affordability.

Animal-Derived Materials

While Lacoste fabric may not use animal leather, fur, or exotic animal fibers, the brand does employ materials such as leather, wool, silk, and down in some of its clothing items. The use of animal-derived materials can be considered unethical and not animal-friendly.

Environmental Impact

The production of Lacoste fabric, especially when related to conventional cotton farming or processes involving chemicals, can have negative environmental effects. This includes water usage, chemical pollution, and energy consumption, contributing to the broader environmental impact of the textile industry.

In conclusion, Lacoste fabric offers several advantages, including comfort, breathability, moisture-wicking, versatility, and 4-way stretch. However, it also has disadvantages, such as a higher price point, weaving challenges, the use of animal-derived materials in some products, and environmental impact concerns related to production processes.

6. How to Wash and Care for Lacoste Fabric

6.1. Washing Lacoste Fabric

Washing clothes made from Lacoste fabric, commonly used for polo shirts and other apparel items, is a straightforward process. Here’s a guide on how to wash Lacoste fabric:

Read Care Labels

Before washing Lacoste fabric garments, always check the care labels that come with them. Care labels provide specific instructions and necessary precautions for washing.

Sort and Pre-Treat

Sort your laundry based on colors and fabric types. Separate your Lacoste fabric items from soiled or stained clothing. If there are visible stains on the fabric, pre-treat them with stain removers or gentle pre-treatment solutions before washing.

Choose the Right Detergent

Lacoste fabric can be washed with your regular laundry detergent. Opt for a mild and gentle detergent, preferably one suitable for delicate fabrics.

Machine Washing

Place your Lacoste fabric garments in the washing machine. Use a gentle or delicate cycle, preferably with cold or lukewarm water. Avoid hot water, as it can cause shrinking or color fading.

Skip Fabric Softener

It’s advisable to skip the use of fabric softener when washing Lacoste fabric. Fabric softeners may affect the natural softness of the fabric and can potentially damage the fibers.

Avoid Overloading

Avoid overloading the washing machine to ensure proper washing and rinsing. Providing enough space for the clothes to move freely during the cycle is essential.

Gentle Spin Cycle

Select a gentle spin cycle to minimize stress on the fabric. High-speed spinning can lead to wrinkles or stretching of Lacoste fabric.

Air Dry

Once the washing cycle is complete, promptly remove the clothes from the machine. You should air-dry Lacoste items by laying them flat on a clean, dry towel or by hanging them. Avoid using a tumble dryer, as high heat can cause shrinking or fabric damage.

6.2. Caring for Lacoste Fabric

Taking care of Lacoste fabric, commonly used for polo shirts and various clothing items, is essential to maintain their quality and longevity. Here are some tips for preserving Lacoste fabric:

Regular Laundry

Lacoste, made from Petit Piqué cotton, is suitable for your regular laundry habits. Wash Lacoste clothing in a washing machine with your usual detergent following the care label instructions.

Sun Drying

After washing, it’s best to air-dry Lacoste clothing. Cotton Petit Piqué is a mesh-type fabric that promotes freedom of movement and breathability. Allow your Lacoste garments to air dry by laying them flat or hanging them up. This method prevents shrinkage and preserves the fabric’s integrity.

Ironing at Home

Lacoste fabric typically requires minimal ironing. However, if ironing is needed, use a low to medium-temperature setting on your iron. Iron the clothing when it is slightly damp or use a pressing cloth to protect the fabric’s surface.

Avoid Fabric Softener

It’s essential to avoid using fabric softener when caring for Lacoste. Fabric softeners can interfere with the fabric’s natural softness and, in some cases, cause damage to the fibers.

Handle with Care

While Lacoste fabric is durable, it’s crucial to handle clothing items with care. Avoid excessive pulling or stretching during wear and when washing. Address any stains promptly using recommended stain removal techniques or consult professional cleaning advice if necessary.

Proper Storage

When storing Lacoste fabric clothing, ensure they are clean and completely dry. It’s best to fold garments neatly and place them in a dry, cool, and well-ventilated area to prevent moisture or excessive wrinkling. Avoid hanging Lacoste items for extended periods, as this may lead to stretching.

7. Frequently Asked Questions

Is Lacoste Fabric Suitable for Hot Weather?

Lacoste is well-suited for hot weather due to its breathability and moisture-wicking properties. The fabric’s structure allows for excellent airflow, helping to keep you cool and comfortable. Comfort levels may vary depending on the specific product’s composition and weight.

Does Lacoste Shrink After Washing?

Lacoste, especially when made from cotton, can shrink if not washed properly. To prevent this, it’s essential to follow the care instructions on the clothing label, use cold or lukewarm water, and avoid high-temperature tumble drying.

Does Lacoste Require Special Care?

Lacoste fabric, like most clothing materials, benefits from proper care and maintenance. Limiting the use of fabric softeners and allowing products to air dry naturally can help maintain quality and prevent shrinkage.

Is Lacoste Suitable for Dressy Attire?

Lacoste fabric can be used for dressy or professional attire depending on the design. Dresses and formalwear made from Lacoste can offer a comfortable and stylish option for dressier occasions or workwear.

Is Lacoste Environmentally Friendly?

The environmental friendliness of Lacoste fabric depends on the manufacturing processes, raw materials, and the brand’s sustainability commitments. Lacoste has taken measures to reduce environmental impact, such as using organic cotton. However, overall sustainability considerations should encompass factors like water use, chemical management, and waste reduction.

8. Conclusion

With its distinctive blend of softness, breathability, moisture-wicking capabilities, and stretchiness, Lacoste fabric presents a comfortable and stylish choice for various clothing items. Notably, predominantly composed of cotton, this textile is ideal for crafting polo shirts, t-shirts, dresses, and skirts.

While there exist environmental apprehensions and the incorporation of animal-derived components in specific Lacoste products, the brand’s dedication to sustainability and ethical sourcing can serve to alleviate these concerns.

Should you be in search of Pique or Lacoste crafted from organic materials like supima cotton, bamboo fabric, organic cotton, bamboo cotton, and more, we suggest getting in touch with WELLFABRIC, a renowned manufacturer of sustainable textiles.

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